September 4, 2017
If you ask most people to
name a wine from Italy, they'll probably come up with
"Chianti". It's the quintessential Tuscan wine, to be sure,
though, in terms of price and prestige, denominazione such as "Brunello di
Montalcino", "Vino Nobile di Montepulciano" along with a category of
proprietary wines, "Super Tuscans" (as they're called) far exceed the humble
Chianti is, typically, a blended red wine. The "Chianti" region covers
territory in the Provinces of Florence, Siena, Arezzo, Pistoia and Pisa. The
predominant grape is the Sangiovese. Other varieties play a minor role, the
laws governing the production of Chianti having changed over the last decade or so.
Originally, the laws called for Chianti to be a blend of Sangiovese, with another red
variety called Canaiolo, along with Malvasia and Trebbiano (white grapes!) and perhaps
some Malvasia Nera, Colorino or Mammolo.
Bound by tradition, it's only in the past ten or twenty years that we've seen real
advances in the overall quality of red wines from Tuscany.
thumbed their noses at the law. "Let them come here, see my Trebbiano vines,
taste my wine and tell me I'm doing something wrong," we were told by one winery
owner many years ago. This producer did not, of course, water down the Chianti with
Other estates would purchase Cabernet or Merlot and include
this in their Chianti wine. We've visited some producers and, after tasting, are not
entirely certain the wines come from vineyards near the winery. The name of Chianti
and the chance to cash in with Super-Tuscan type wines is, apparently, an enticing
opportunity for some.
The law finally changed and producers are allowed a certain amount of flexibility in
producing their wines. Today a Chianti might be 100% Sangiovese. While the law
used to require Trebbiano and Malvasia at a minimum of 10%, today there's a maximum of 6%
of these varieties. Starting with the 2006 vintage, no white grapes will
be allowed as part of a Chianti Classico wine. There's also a 20% maximum of "other" varieties
allowed and some estates use Syrah, Cabernet or Merlot to make their particular Chianti
blend. A traditional red grape of Chianti, the Canaiolo, is now limited to a 10%
But while the laws are wonderfully written in Italy, following them is something
different altogether...right, Carlo?
We've heard allegations of shenanigans on the part of some producers. And
Italy does seem to have a wine scandal ongoing at all times. It seems to
be either a local sport or perhaps "theater."
We've heard about wine being shipped in bulk from Argentina to Spain and from
Spain over to Tuscany where it suddenly takes on Italian
"citizenship." We've heard of wines from Sicilia, Puglia or
Sardegna being used to "fortify" Tuscan wines (and other Northern
reds, for that matter)...
There was a Tuscan producer whom we felt "counterfeited" his own
wine! He had a lovely Chianti and he used the same label for some wine
we're certain was from elsewhere which he sold to a US chain store at a much
lower price. We purchased a bottle of the wine he sold to a chain
store and compared it to the ones coming from a small importer...totally
different wines! The wine from the small importer was clearly
"Chianti Classico," while the wine from the chain store was
reminiscent of Antinori's little Santa Cristina wine...who knows what they put
Many estates these days now make a "prestigious" bottling of some
sort. Sometimes it's from an old parcel of vines or it may be from their
best vineyard site...a "reserve" quality wine. This is all well
and good, except that often times in doing so, a vintners "robs" their
flagship wine of its foundation. What a pity to make a tiny quantity of
something at the expense of the wine for which the estate might have been
CHIANTI CLASSICO TODAY:
80% Minimum of Sangiovese up to 100%
10% Maximum of Canaiolo
20% Maximum of "other" red grapes such as Cabernet, Merlot,
White grapes will no longer be permitted starting with the 2006 harvest.
We typically expect Sangiovese with perhaps
Canaiolo, Colorino, Ciliegiolo and Mammolo being in the blend, though
Cabernet, Merlot and Syrah can be included. But did you know that
there are other, more unexpected varieties which are legal?
Barbera is permissible, as are Carmenere, Gamay, Malbech (sic),
Montepulciano, Petit Verdot, Refosco, Pinot Nero, Sagrantino,
Tempranillo and Teroldego. There's another obscure Tuscan grape
called Pugnitello (one or two producers offer varietal bottlings of
this). And there are still a handful of other grapes permitted in
CHIANTI CLASSICO'S THREE TYPES:
HERE FOR THE CHIANTI CLASSICO CONSORZIO'S EXPLANATION OF THE DETAILS
The notion of DOC
and DOCG wines is great...in theory. But while most people play by
the rules, there are always some folks who skirt the laws and who can't
resist doing something different. As mentioned above, one producer
counterfeited his own wine, but it still carried the designation as a
CHIANTI CLASSICO DOCG (Denominazione
di Origine Controllata e Garantita)
Known to producers as "Annata," this is the basic
bottling of Chianti Classico and must come from vineyards within the
Chianti Classico boundaries, made in (or very close to) the same
area and produced "only" from approved grape varieties.
The wine cannot be offered for sale until October 1st of the year
following the vintage date.
Chianti Classico must be at least 12.0% alcohol by volume and the
bottles, unless they're "quarter bottles," must be sealed
with a cork...no screw-caps!
CHIANTI CLASSICO RISERVA DOCG
(Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita)
These must have slightly more aging before release...a Riserva
can be sold at 24 months of age (with January 1 following the
harvest as the start date), providing the wine had had at least
three months of time in the bottle.
These need to be at least 12.5% alcohol by volume, as well. No
screw-caps...cork-sealed bottles only.
CHIANTI CLASSICO "GRAN
SELEZIONE" DOCG (Denominazione di
Origine Controllata e Garantita)
A Gran Selezione wine must be made from a winery's own vineyards
and, presumably, its best vineyard sites. But it's not quite
clear if the winery must actually have ownership of the vineyard, so
we suspect it simply boils down to a Gran Selezione wine is not one
bottle using wine that has been purchased "in
These must be aged for a minimum of 30 months, with three months of
bottle aging before the wine can be released. Again, January
1st following the harvest is the start date. A Gran Selezione
Chianti needs to be at least 13.0% alcohol by volume. No
screw-caps...cork-sealed bottles only.
There are regulations controlling the vineyards, the number of
vines per hectare, the minimum age of the vines (only 3 years) and
the maximum quantity of grapes per hectare.
=SANGIOVESE= The predominant grape of Chianti, Sangiovese, is
influenced by the climate and terrain in which it is grown. Sandier soils are said
to cause the wines to be more floral in aroma. Limestone terrain makes for a wine
with a more intensely berryish quality. Volcanic soils (tufo) are
said to contribute an almost tobacco-like quality to Sangiovese.
=GOVERNO= This is an old method, not as common today as decades
ago, where the winemaker would add some dried grapes (usually the variety was the
Colorino) to the fermented or partially fermented Chianti. This would add some
strength to the Chianti. It reminds me of the "ripasso" process used by
producers of Amarone and Valpolicella in the Veneto. I've read that Ruffino still
employs the governo process, but can't confirm this at this moment.
=CHIANTI REGIONS= You'll find wine labeled simply
"Chianti", the most general designation, is often used for wines of modest
alcohol or meant for immediate consumption. It also might be used for
Chianti made from grapes grown in two (or more) sub-zones.
Wines from a specific area, located
between Florence and Siena, is entitled to the designation "Chianti Classico" if
the wines meet certain standards. There's a consortium which promotes the
"Classico" wines, quite effectively.
The "rest" of Chianti
|Montalbano (west of Florence and including the DOC of "Carmignano") |
|Colli Fiorentini (just north of the Classico zone around Florence) |
|Montespertoli (actually located within the Colli Fiorentini)|
(a fragmented region near Siena and environs)|
| Colli Aretini (near Arezzo)|
Pisane (Pisa area)|
| Colline Pistoiesi (near Pistoia, west of Florence, east of Lucca)|
|Rufina (a bit north and east of Florence).|
There's another designation, just to keep you on your toes:
Chianti Superiore. This is not produced within the Chianti Classico
zone. It will come from Chianti vineyards within the provinces of
Arezzo, Florence, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena.
If the wine is labeled as "Chianti Superiore," you will not find its
particular denominazione, such as "Colli Senesi" or
"Rufina," for example.
For a Chianti Superiore, the wine must be at least 75% Sangiovese and have no
more than 10% Canaiolo. It may have as much as 10% white grapes (Trebbiano
Toscano and/or Malvasia del Chianti). There's also an allowance of 20%
"other" varieties, with a limitation of 15% for Cabernet Sauvignon and
Cabernet Franc (either one or both are capped at 15%).
If the wine carries simply the name "Chianti" without the designation
of "Superiore" or one of those sub-regions listed above, then it must
be 70% to 100% Sangiovese. You can have up to 10% of white grapes,
typically Trebbiano and/or Malvasia. You can include up to 15% of Cabernet
Sauvignon and/or Cabernet Franc. This wine can be sold rather soon after
In fact, only three of these non-Classico wines must be aged until September 1
following the vintage. Those include Chianti Fiorentini, Chianti Rufina
and Chianti Superiore. All the other non-Classico bottlings can be sold on
March 1st following the vintage.
=THE BLACK ROOSTER= The Consorzio of Chianti Classico, with an historic black
rooster symbol (called the Gallo Nero) has been effective in promoting the wines of its
members. However, not all the estates in the region continue membership with this
At one time, Chianti Classico wines from Antinori, Ruffino, Isole e Olena and
Monsanto (to name 4 prominent wineries) did not have the black rooster symbol on
their bottles. Today, though, you'll find the symbol on Chianti Classico
wines, even if some estates begrudgingly use these labels.
This consorzio was sued, incidentally, by the Gallo Winery and lost the right
to use the words "Gallo Nero" in publicizing the organization and its
Other Famous Tuscan
|BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO
||Using the "Brunello" clone of Sangiovese, these wines
come from Montalcino, south of Chianti. The aging requirements are changing, here,
thankfully. Four years in wood was too long in most vintages for the
production of exceptional quality wines. The minimum was reduced to
three-and-a-half years and now is, currently, two years in wood and four
months in bottle. High prices are normal and, sometimes, justified. It takes an
exceptional vintage to make good Brunello, so while we're usually not fans of vintage
charts, if you're alone in the woods in buying Brunello, go by the book. Or come see
Brunello producers, by the way, can add 17.6% of Brunello from another
vintage to "correct" a wine.
In April of 2008 a number of estates were under
investigation for incorporating other, un-permitted varieties into their
wines. It seems a few producers were nailed for blending in
non-permitted grape varieties (which they grew themselves in
Montalcino). Meanwhile, others allegedly had been blended with
A prominent enologist claimed that 80% of the wines sold as Brunello di
Montalcino have or had been fortified with Montepulciano from
The new head of the Brunello di Montalcino Consorzio is quoted confirming
||Wines of this small area have typically included a small
percentage of Cabernet.
||Red and white wines made near Lucca.
|MORELLINO di SCANSANO
||From near Grosseto near the coast, this red is sometimes referred to as baby
Brunello, but I find these more similar to sturdy Chianti. An area of improving
quality, so worth keeping an eye out for these. Many producers from other parts of
Tuscany are investing in vineyards here.
||From the Rufina region of Chianti, reds are Sangiovese-based and
usually have some Cabernet, while whites are Pinot Bianco and Chardonnay-based, watered
down with some Trebbiano.
|ROSSO di MONTALCINO
||A red wine from Montalcino, not subject to the minimum (extended)
aging requirements for Brunello.
|VERNACCIA di SAN GIMIGNANO
||Made in the area surrounding the walled city of San Gimignano, the
grape is Vernaccia. Much improved over the past decade.
VIN SANTO DEL CHIANTI
VIN SANTO DEL CHIANTI CLASSICO
VIN SANTO DI MONTEPULCIANO
|Made from Trebbiano and Malvasia grapes, typically, which are left
on straw mats to dry. The wine is aged in attic-top conditions in small barrels.
Typically the best are rather sweet and, often, a bit oxidized. Got biscotti?
|VINO NOBILE di MONTEPULCIANO
||Like the wines of Montalcino, this is made in southern Toscana.
The grape is Sangiovese, but takes the name Prugnolo Gentile. It's
said by some the grapes are identical, while others tell you Prugnolo
Gentile is but a "clone" of Sangiovese. Some fine wines
here and often a fair bit of tannin.
||This category allows each winery to make a special wine without
the traditional shackles of old-time rules and regulations.
The first "table wine" of Tuscany was SASSICAIA, a Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet
Franc blend made in the western region of Bolgheri.
Some producers make "Super-Tuscans" of Sangiovese, predominantly, while other
wineries make wines exclusively of Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot. There are now
Chardonnays, Pinot Noirs, Syrahs, Sauvignon Blancs and Pinot Grigios coming from Tuscany.
||ANSONICA COSTA DELL'ARGENTARIO
BIANCO DELLA VALDINIEVOLE
BIANCO DI PITIGLIANO
BIANCO PISANO DI SAN TORP
CANDIA DEI COLLI APUANI
MONTEREGIO DI MASSA MARITTIMA
VAL DI CORNIA
A NOTE ON A
We attended a trade tasting presenting the 2010 Brunello di
Montalcino. One critic in particular, James Suckling, has been
beating the drums for this vintage and many companies selling wine have
used his commendation of the vintage to sell yet another "Best of
All-Time" sales campaign.
For a variety of reasons we are one of the few wine emporiums that
eschews the use of third party reviews and numerical point scores to
In tasting (January 2015) the 2010s we did not find them to be
across-the-board-great. As with most vintages, there are wines
with soul and wines that miss the mark.
We were surprised to find so many wines which did not strike us a
exceptional, having heard the drums beating so loudly.
A couple of months later we had another look at many 2010s in Italy on
their home turf. We did not hear from a single winemaker that 2010
"is the best vintage I ever made." But all the producers
were delighted to have importers and consumers throwing money at them
like never before.
Everyone is entitled to their own opinion, of course, but from my
vantage point, it seems like a number of critical publications, not only
Suckling's, have been selling inflated scores.
Your mileage, as they say, may vary.
Some Tuscan Wineries We Like:
is a relatively new estate, founded in 1990 by Silvana Pieri. The
property comprises just 10 hectares of vineyards and they're only making
about 20,000 bottles annually.
The first wines we've tasted have been marvelous. Now, years later,
the wines continue to be well-made and reliably good.
Our first contact was with an amazingly good 2002 Rosso di Montalcino.
The 2002 vintage was a disaster from a wine-growing
perspective. Obviously, they
declassified their Brunello to produce this wine, though a small amount of
the heavy-hitter was made in this difficult vintage.
We view most "Rosso di Montalcino" wines as anything but
"baby" Brunello and few are, frankly, as interesting as really
good Chianti wine. Piancornello, on the other hand, makes a dynamite
Rosso di Montalcino and it's not baby Brunello but it is as
good as really fine Chianti Classico wine. The 2013 is
quite good and it's really nice to see a customer buy a bottle one day and
return soon afterwards for more bottles. The wine shows a nicely
woodsy character along with good cherryish Sangiovese.
The 2007 comes from a nicely warm vintage and it shows a woodsy character
and dark cherry fruit...the wine is very drinkable now, in its youth, and
it probably will cellar well for another 5 to 10 years. Most
customers enjoy it in its youth, though and the wine is very showy with a
nice grilled steak or roasted rack of lamb.
- Claudio Monaci in his cellar in 2005...
Currently in stock:
2006 PIANCORNELLO Brunello di Montalcino Sold Out
2007 PIANCORNELLO Brunello di Montalcino Sold Out
2013 PIANCORNELLO Rosso di Montalcino Sale $21.99
Claudio's Dad, Claudio and Claudio's Zia (aunt)...
In the cellar...Piancornello is matured both in large cooperage and small French
A bottle of 2004 Brunello was handsomely paired with roasted rabbit and Tuscan
- FATTORIA DI FELSINA
- This property
is, without a doubt, one of the top Tuscan wineries. Managed by Giuseppe Mazzocolin,
Felsina's wines have been amongst the top Chianti wines for more than a decade. Not
only is their Chianti Classico a top wine, but the special "riserva" called
"Rancia" is outstanding. As if this weren't enough, Mazzocolin makes a
Super-Tuscan, but this is not "tainted" with Cabernet or Merlot.
- The estate comprises about 122 hectares of vines and they make about
450,000 bottles annually. Sangiovese is the focus here, though they do
make Cabernet and Pinot Nero along with a simple Tuscan white and some Vin
I was pleasantly surprised when we visited the estate...the dedication to
"Chianti" and "Sangiovese" is remarkable. You
might think this is not unusual, but when so many estates are hell-bent to
get high scores from wine writers who measure "size" and power
above everything else, finding pure Sangiovese is a delight.
In the cellars at Felsina...very traditional!
Lots of Tuscan vintners use this 'system' to keep their
barrels and botte filled to the top with wine.
More modern conditions are found in their cellar full of barriques.
The basic Chianti Classico from Felsina is routinely a good
bottle of wine. It's entirely Sangiovese and offers the snappy structure
of good Sangiovese. It's a medium-bodied wine...not heavy or
woody. 2011 is the current release...a mighty good vintage, drinkable
now and we suspect it will develop a bit more over the next couple of years
They have a couple of reserve-level Chianti wines. The basic Riserva is
entirely Sangiovese and spends more than a year in Slavonian oak and French oak
barriques. The "Cru Rancia" Riserva is also 100% Sangiovese, but
this seems to have some of the same elements as the regular Reserva, but with
the 'volume' cranked up all the way. It's got a bit more wood and shows
more brown spice notes. There's also a mildly floral aspect to the
Sangiovese. The 2010 is delicious now and I suspect it will mature nicely
for another 5 to 8 years.
Fontalloro is a magnificent Sangiovese which truly deserves the
designation "Super Tuscan." It is, for our tastes, routinely
"super." The wine comes from three vineyard sites. One
is, in fact, called Fontalloro and it lies within the Chianti Classico
area. The other two sites, Casalino and
Arcidossino, are situated within the Chianti Colli Senesi denominazione.
The wine is 100% Sangiovese and is matured, typically, for about a year and
a half in French oak. Yet they seem to have a fine hand in making this
wine, since the oak is always detectable, but it's not center stage.
The star of the show is definitely the Sangiovese. We currently have
the 1999 and it's complex and beautifully developed...top of its plateau...
Raro is a wine made of Cabernet Sauvignon.
We've usually been a bit critical of Tuscan vintners who are suddenly embracing
international varieties, especially when this is at the expense of their own
Sure, Sassicaia used to be a grand wine...Ornellaia IS a terrific, if expensive
bottle. Does the world need more Cabernet and/or Merlot?
I had not tasted the Felsina Cabernet in a while and on a whim I bought a bottle
of the 2006.
I may have to rethink my position on this.
Felsina's Cabernet Sauvignon production began when they grafted Cabernet on to
existing vines of Sangiovese, Trebbiano and Malvasia. The wine spends
about a year and a half in oak and the 2006 is phenomenal. It is
medium-full bodied on the palate, has a fantastic nose and is beautifully
drinkable now with food.
More recent vintages have been in the category of "good," but not
quite as compelling as the 2006. Oh well. Stay tuned.
The 2006 Maestro Raro can be cellared, too, if you like, but
pairing it with some grilled steaks or a prime rib roast (as we did) allows the
wine to really shine. It may be compared to any of the famous wines of
Bolgheri, not to mention (but I will anyway) Napa or Bordeaux.
recently purchased a library bottle of 1999 Fontalloro...what a grand bottle
The nose was very complex and showing some earthy notes, maybe a touch of
mushroom and some black cherry fruit. There was a nicely woodsy tone,
too. Medium-bodied...still a little bit of astringency, too.
Vin Santo is exceptional. It's
Malvasia and Trebbiano with 20% Sangiovese...aged for something like seven
years, this shows nutty and apricot-like notes. It's sweet, but not
- Currently available: 2011 Chianti Classico $22.99 (750ml)
2010 Chianti Classico $14.99 (375ml)
2010 Chianti Classico Riserva $27.99
2010 Chianti Classico Riserva "Rancia" $49.99 (750ml)
2009 Chianti Classico Riserva "Rancia" $49.99 (750ml)
1999 Fontalloro SALE $89.99
2010 Fontalloro $55.99
2011 Fontalloro SALE $49.99
2006 Maestro Raro (Cabernet Sauvignon) List $55 Sold
VIN SANTO Sale $39.99 (375ml)
- TENUTA DI GRACCIANO della Seta
- North of the city of Montepulciano is a town called Gracciano and it's
said to be a prime site for the Prugnolo Gentile grape. Of course,
every vineyard owner will tell you the sun shines brightest on their little
slice of heaven.
This winery was originally the Cantine Svetoni and they catapulted to fame
and fortune in the 1860s when their wine garnered a medal at some
international wine judging in Torino. At the very least, it put the
place on the map.
The della Seta Ferrari Corbelli family bought the property in the early
1900s and they continue to make wine and rent a room or two at their
agriturismo in Gracciano.
We've tasted their wines over the years...and these are usually of modest
Recently we had a look at their new vintages and can say there's been a
measure of improvement.
The Rosso di Montepulciano is perhaps the star of the line-up. We found
the Vino Nobile to be perfectly standard and the Riserva bottling, while having
nice oak, also was a bit troubled by some Brettanomyces (this is wine-speak for
having some aromas along the lines of a leather note). The Rosso, however,
spends less than a year in wood (French cooperage and Slavonian oak). It's
quite charming and brightly cherryish, with the Sangiovese showing nicely
here. The wine is medium-light bodied and dry...perfectly ready to drink
and quite satisfying with a Bolognese-sauced pasta or some grilled sausages.
- Currently in stock: 2012 TENUTA DI GRACCIANO Rosso di
Montepulciano SALE $14.99
ISOLE E OLENA
- Paolo de Marchi
is "Mister Chianti", a dedicated winemaker who is passionate about making
honest-to-goodness "Chianti". The property is in the northern part of the
"Classico" zone and "Isole" is a good name for this isolated
vineyard. They used to sell the production in bulk, but today, for the most part,
bottle their estate grown wines.
Chianti Classico is outstanding and usually highly
regarded, especially by those who appreciate Chianti. De Marchi does not make a
"Riserva", for example, but offers a wine called "Cepparello", a
Super-Tuscan made entirely of Sangiovese and matured in French oak.
Paolo also produces a Cabernet, Chardonnay and Syrah of note. Our understanding of
the white wine production is that he had purchased Cabernet vines from a nursery.
After some years, the vines produced some fruit, but the grapes maintained their greenish
color well into August. Paolo became concerned that there was something wrong and,
after some investigation, found there had been an error in the shipment and his
"Cabernet" vines were, in fact, Chardonnay!
Recently installed wooden fermentation tanks...
Wine which will become "Chianti Classico" with the proper
The Chianti Classico sometimes
includes a bit of Syrah and the wine can be marvelously cherryish in fruit with a hint of a
spicy note. We skipped a few vintages, though. We tasted
some bottles of 2004 and they just didn't seem right...and then we later
found out there was significant variation, supposedly, in the bottlings
that vintage. We skipped it. The 2005 seemed a bit diluted and
less of a wine than we have come to expect. The 2006, though, seems
to be back on track and showing nicely. The 2007 and 2009 were very
good, as was the marvelous 2010. Medium-bodied, cherries and
a touch of a brushy note....drinkable now and it ought to cellar well for
some years. The current release is from the 2011
harvest...definitely a good bottle of Chianti...medium+ bodied and nicely
cherryish with no harsh edges...even smoother with good food.
Cepparello comes from some older vines on the Isole e Olena property and is a special
selection. French oak aged. A few bottles of 2010 and 2011 are in stock
for the moment. This is a super wine and it's a stellar example of a
Super Tuscan which is worthy of the designation, especially the 2006.
Syrah is highly-regarded in Italy and for good reason: the wine is
comparable to good Rh˘ne Valley wines. Not many bottles of this
arrive in California. We don't have one presently, though.
Vin Santo is exceptional here. It is quite sweet, because they actually pay
attention to drying the grapes and pressing out the juice at just the right moment.
It is not inexpensive, but compared to other top producers, quite fairly priced.
- Currently available: 2014 Chianti Classico (list $30)
2010 Chianti Classico (375ml) $14.99
2011 Cepparello (list $85) SALE $74.99
2010 Ceparello Sale $74.99
2001 Syrah Sold Out
Vin Santo (half bottles) List $60 SALE $51.99
Argiano winery is owned by a member of the Marone-Cinzano family and has
been run by the Countess Noemi since the early 1990s.
I gather her brother runs the Col d'Orcia estate, another famous
Montalcino winery. And he was the president of the Montalcino
consorzio until a few years ago.
When Noemi Marone-Cinzano took over this property, she hired the famous
Giacomo Tachis, he of Antinori winemaking fame and acclaim, to consult for
Argiano. She also engaged the services of a young fellow whose uncle
owned the Tenuta San Guido, producer of the Bolgheri red wine, Sassicaia.
The winery has made some good, solid wines over the years. They took
a bit of flak recently when the government was investigating whether or
not their "Brunello di Montalcino" wine was, in fact, made
entirely of Sangiovese or Brunello from the Montalcino region. They
were not alone in being investigated and finally they said, out of
economic necessity, they needed to sell the wine and so Argiano came out
with the wine under a different denominazione. The wine was
sold as an IGT appellation bottling.
The winemaker is a fellow with an interesting and complex
background. He's Hans Vinding-Diers of Danish heritage, though he
was born in South Africa and spent a lot of time in Bordeaux at a modest
chateau owned by his family. Vinding-Diers is a proponent of
biodynamic viticulture, though they don't make a big deal about this in
selling Argiano wines.
He's got a nice touch with the Argiano wines and we've been fans of their
Brunello for many years.
The 2003 was a nice Brunello...probably not a long-lived wine,
though. The 2004 was a bit more structured and cellar-worthy. The
2005 was soft upon release and quite attractive for the short-term.
We recently tasted the 2011 and were pleasantly surprised to find such a
substantial wine. It's a medium-full-bodied red wine with red fruit
aromas and hints of black cherries. There's a mildly cedary
undertone to the wine and it's quite drinkable now, despite its
youth. If you're grilling a bistecca Fiorentina or a simple
rib-eye, this is a showy wine to put on the dinner table, especially set
up by a light, non-oaked white wine.
Currently in stock: 2011 ARGIANO Brunello di
Montalcino (List $65) SALE $55.99
Some old, crusty bottles in the deep, dark cellar.
Old labels on old vintages.
Young tour guide, though.
tasted the red wines from this obscure little property in Tuscany for a
number of years and have long wanted to visit to see if it's a serious
producer of good wines or if it's some big industrial wine factory.
The owners are Carla Benini and Edoardo Ventimiglia. She's from
Trento and he's from Rome. Her background was in agriculture and his
in film (his grandpa worked as a camera-man for famous film-maker Alfredo
They found this abandoned property in 1990 and began restoring the
fixer-upper house and the fixer-upper land, planting vineyards of
Sangiovese, Ciliegiolo, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Trebbiano and Greco.
Today there are 10 hectares of vineyards scattered around the winery
amongst the 72 hectares which comprise the property. You're
virtually in the middle of nowhere, but you're just three kilometers (by
foot) from the town of Sovana and 5 from Pitigliano. You're 2 and a
half hours' drive from Florence, 2 hours from Siena and an hour and a half
south of Montalcino.
The volcanic sandstone terroir of the region puts its mark on the
wines. And while Sangiovese does nicely here, the Ciliegiolo grape
is even more at home in this remote Tuscan outpost.
The name translates to "cherry" and wines made from this variety
do have a cherry-like quality to them. Sangiovese, however, also is
often described as showing a cherry note. The scientific community
is at odds here, some claiming Ciliegiolo is a parent or elder relative to
Sangiovese, while others say Sangiovese is likely the parent, with
Ciliegiolo being some sort of offspring.
The 1997 harvest was the couple's first vintage and they've been slowly
increasing production and the wines have been good from the outset and you
can say, I think, they're even getting better.
- The winery is dug into the sandstone hill...you enter and see these
stainless steel fermentation and blending tanks and there's a long tunnel
leading to another cool, more humid cellar well underground.
- I really should ask people to pose for a photo, shouldn't I?
- The Official Winery Dog:
A bottle of Tuforosso served at cool cellar temperature is a perfect match
for this sort of food, as
Carla and Eduardo so capably demonstrated.
We have the 2011 Tuforosso in stock.
Much like previous vintages, this wine is a medium-bodied red with lots of
"Tuscan" Sangiovese character. It should. After all, it's
usually 85-90% Sangiovese and the rest is the lovely Ciliegiolo. The wine
is usually bottled in the early Spring while it's fresh...
Currently in stock: 2011 TUFOROSSO SALE
One of the official Winery Cats.
VECCHIE TERRE di MONTEFILI
little estate is located about a ten minute drive west of Greve in
Chianti. It's a bit isolated, but the property is beautiful and it
seems to be ideally situated for producing great Chianti.
I visited here many years ago, traveling with a California winemaker who
was interested in learning more about Italian varietals. The wines
of Vecchie Terre di Montefili were well-regarded, but production was very
small at the time and the wines were much sought-after. We tasted
good wines, but had no chance to buy these since they were rather
Now I'm amused that so many years later the estate is still
making some excellent wines and, now that the novelty has worn off, this
terrific Chianti is available at a very attractive price.
The property goes back hundreds of years and it was, back around 1200, part of
the Badia di Passignano (a label owned today by the Antinori family).
Montefili is today owned by the Acuti family, who purchased the estate in
1979. Their home was in Prato and I suspect this was to be the
weekend "get-away" retreat. Instead, it's turned into a
modest-sized business with a world-wide reputation!
They have about 13.5 hectares of vines and make something close to 65,000
bottles annually. Winemaker Tommaso Paglione (he's the husband of Maria
Acuti) says they're working towards biodynamic farming.
Critics tend to be wowed by their proprietary wine called Bruno di Rocca, a
Cabernet blended with Sangiovese. It's usually a rather handsome
wine. Anfiteatro is a French oak-aged wine of Sangiovese. They make
a curious white, blending Chardonnay with Sauvignon Blanc and a small percentage
But we love Toscana for its Chianti wines and this is a good one! It's
entirely Sangiovese with NO Cabernet Sauvignon and NO Merlot. ((I
periodically say to producers from Tuscany who blend Bordeaux varieties into
their Chianti, "You know, I've never heard from a Bordeaux vintner "We
blend a small amount of Sangiovese into our Pauillac..."))
The 2004 Vecchie Terre di Montefili Chianti Classico is just that,
"classic." If you're a fan of typically-Italian wines, please
put a bottle of this on your dinner table soon! It's offered at a great
price and it's a wonderful cherryish, snappy version of Chianti. The wine
is medium-bodied and nicely balanced for immediate drinking, yet we think it has
5 to 8 years of good cellaring potential. Pair it with grilled or roasted
meats, if you like, or a savory roasted chicken. Impressive!
Currently in stock: 2004 VECCHIE TERRE di MONTEFILI
Tommaso Paglione shows off their fermentation cellar.
The large Slavonian oak cask in the background is used to mature the Chianti
The old label and today's design.
Maria Acuti and Tommaso Paglione
- The Antinori family have a number of wineries in Italy, not to
mention concerns in other parts of the world. Buying a bottle of Antinori wine is
rather like purchasing a Robert Mondavi wine--even if the wine is not extraordinary, it
is, at the very least, a well-made product and of sound quality.
The Antinori family is probably not proud of having offered wine with
their name on it in a "fish" bottle.
No...we do not have this available for sale.
Don't even ask.
The Antinori's have discontinued their basic "Chianti
Classico," feeling that the name Antinori is, apparently, more of a
guarantee of quality than the designation "Chianti
Classico." This will be interesting!
customers continue to buy Antinori or will they migrate to other Chianti
Classico producers? Tuscan wine industry people are watching this
development with great interest.
Many contend that Antinori is
unwilling to pay the price for good quality Sangiovese in the Chianti
Classico zone. Antinori was quoted in a San Francisco Chronicle
article as saying the quality of fruit available on the grape market is not
(We heard recently that their contract with a good grower had expired
recently and this precipitated the Antinori's decision to make this
change). Time will tell on this issue, but it is a bit sad to
see the names Antinori and Chianti Classico not as married as they once
We tasted first vintages of their Chianti-replacement and found it to be as good as
Antinori's recent Chianti Classico vintages. This is not a bad wine,
but it's not Sangiovese at its zenith, either. That may be due to all
the other grape varieties included in the blend. It's usually got
Cabernet Sauvignon, 15% Merlot and 5% Syrah. The 2011 is pretty much
the same sort of wine as earlier renditions...a nice
is the Antinori's version of their cousin's "Sassicaia", a Cabernet-based red
which in some vintages rivals the best of Bordeaux and California. The wine has been of
superlative quality for many years. In December of 2000 an influential American wine
publication tabbed Solaia as its top wine (most "exciting" wine, actually).
This is good news for the Antinori family, but bad news for wine drinkers.
After that, everybody and his cousin (not to mention the Aunt and Uncle) wants Solaia.
Prices have doubled as those who actually have some bottles ask a fortune for this
newly-minted "gold coin." What used to be merely hard-to-get is now
some sort of ultra status symbol, as well as being a "mere" bottle of wine.
interesting publication in Europe called "Il Mio Vino." I've
seen it in Italian (of course) and in German. Each issue features the
"debunking" of a high-priced, highly-regarded wine. One
issue I picked up in the Spring of 2007 chose to spotlight Solaia 2003 in
their "Grande Delusione" series. My command of Italian is
not perfect, but I found I agreed with many of their descriptions of the
wine (lots of vanilla, oak, moderately tannic...) but those adjectives are
why I like the wine. At the end of their article, they claimed to have
tasted Solaia alongside an inexpensive bottle of Bordeaux, one costing less
than 10% the price of a bottle of Antinori's wine. They claimed the
Bordeaux was better.
Vin Santo is also quite good here.
Though not a Tuscan wine, but from neighboring
Umbria, we wish to point out their "Cervaro della Sala", a barrel-fermented
blend of Chardonnay and Grechetto which is one of the best Italian white wines.
Experiments with Pinot Noir have yet to hit the mark, but their Umbrian dessert wine
called Muffato is outstanding.
Piero Antinori is late for the train. He's one of the few
Chianti producers to also have a property in Montalcino called "Pian delle
Vigne." A recent acquisition, this is situated nearly four miles south of
Montalcino. And there is a small train station on the property! The first
vintage was the fine 1995. Medium-bodied, Bob found this to be quite to his taste.
I think it's a pretty good start, but will venture to guess succeeding vintages
will be even better as the Antinori winemakers become more familiar with the viticulture
and winemaking in this region. The 1998 vintage is quite nice, one I'd
put in the same "very good" category as previous vintages.
You can drink it now, if you like, and it ought to cellar well for a few
more years. The 2001 is their current offering. I find it
acceptable, but not as fine as other Brunello wines we have from 2001.
We can special order this for you, if you like.
PŔppoli is an estate which Antinori acquired in 1985. It's in the Chianti Classico
area with vineyards facing east-northeast. PŔppoli is made in a more fruity
style than the Riserva or Tenute Marchese Antinori Chiantis. This may be the best
vintage of PŔppoli to date...pretty nice, actually. They add a
bit of Merlot and Syrah to the Sangiovese and it's not made to be aged, but
to be consumed when purchased.
- Currently available:
- 2011 Villa Antinori Toscana Rosso (Chianti
Replacement) List $25 SALE $19.99
2009 Tenute Marchese (List $40) SALE $34.99
2004 Passignano Riserva Sale $42.99
PŔppoli Chianti Classico (List $25) Sold Out
2011 Tignanello 750ml SALE $99.99
1998 Pian delle Vigne Brunello di Montalcino Sold Out
1998 Guado al Tasso $99.99 (only a bottle or two remain)
1999 Guado al Tasso $85.99
- Vin Santo (list $35) SALE $33.99
Aleatico (sweet dessert wine) No Longer being imported...
Muffato della Sala $44.99 (500ml)
2011 CERVARO della SALA (Chardonnay/Grechetto blend from Umbria) (List $55)
A vineyard site Antinori was to plant...
The piles of rocks will be scattered throughout the vineyard allowing for
reflective heat for the vines, fewer weeds and they can show visitors what a
wonderfully rocky "terroir" they have.
I will post an "after" photo when I next visit Toscana.
story of this little property starts in the mid-1980s when, after
working for Mastrojanni and Ciacci Piccolomini, Andrea Cortonesi was
able to buy a couple of hectares of vineyards in the area of
Cortonesi now has 4 hectares of his own and rents two more. The
winery is fairly new and additional construction was in progress as we
visited in May of 2010.
We've been fans for many years as this fellow produces good wines with
a modern touch, yet showing respect for the Sangiovese or
Brunello. We even had a 2002 Brunello, which Cortonesi sold for
'small money' and yet it was a remarkably good wine and customers were
- The wines have been getting good reviews from various critical
publications and this has increased the demand for the small
Brunello is vinified in stainless steel tanks and then matured in both
large botti and barriques. Cortonesi prefers
to do a cold soak or pre-fermentation maceration, saying this retains
more bright fruit on the nose and contributes a measure of intensity
to the color. He likes to keep SO2
levels low and indigenous yeasts are used.
- We appreciate this fellow's approach to wine.
He's serious about attention to detail in the vineyards and the cellar
seems to be a place to validate the vineyard work.
- We currently have a 2012 Brunello di Montalcino from Uccelliera...we
like the charm of the wine, as it is quite approachable now and it
will continue to develop and gain complexity with bottle aging.
The wine offers a dark cherry fruit tone of Sangiovese and there's a
light touch of wood framing it.
There's a good Rosso di Montalcino here, though we're bigger fans of
the IGT wine called Rapace, a Sangiovese fortified with Cabernet and
Currently in stock: 2012 UCCELLIERA BRUNELLO DI
MONTALCINO Sale $74.99
- This small estate in Montalcino has periodically made some pretty nice
Sangiovese wines. The vineyards had been owned, apparently, by
Biondi-Santi. Perhaps the Biondi-Santi people didn't like the fruit from
this vineyard because the wines one can make here ARE drinkable
during one's lifetime (Biondi-Santi wines are of such high acidity, they are
difficult to appreciate in their youth and, sometimes, even for a generation
or two or three after!).
Sergio Rossi had been working in the advertising business before trading his briefcase for a wine barrel.
The estate was purchased in 1976 and the cellar is in the Canalicchio
area...northern Montalcino. But they get fruit from Mercatale and Castelnuovo
Vittorio Fiore is the consulting winemaker. He's been on board since
the beginning. The wines seem to be made without catering to current
fashions and a healthy respect for tradition. You'll rarely find La
Gerla at the top of some wine critic's numerically-scored list of Brunello
wines, though they're well on the radar of most Tuscan wine drinkers.
The cellar features large wood as well as small French oak.
Typically the Brunello spends three years in large Slavonian oak.
There's a single vineyard bottling of Brunello called "Vigna gli
Angeli" as well as a Rosso di Montalcino and an IGT wine.
wine from La Gerla has been a French oak-aged proprietary red they called
"Birba." The Italian word for "scoundrel" is
"Birba," so I suppose this is Rossi's little joke, though he's
certainly neither a scoundrel nor a scallywag. The wine is entirely
Sangiovese from vineyards which could produce "Brunello di
Montalcino." Birba is matured for a shorter period of time and in
smaller cooperage, a portion of which is new. The small size of
cooperage means the wine develops more quickly.
The 2004 Brunello is very fine. I found typically cherry
notes of Sangiovese on the nose, deeper than Chianti, for example. The
wine is medium-full on the palate and with a mouth-drying bit of tannin at this
early stage. It is certainly a wine you might open now, though it's really
going to be more interesting with a few years of cellaring. I read one
review of this vintage where the wine was described using adjectives such as
"milk chocolate and fudge." That's not the wine I've
tasted...this is meant for adult palates.
Currently in stock:
2004 BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO Sold Out
The estate's manager, Alberto Passeri.